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Work in Progress Seminar: Lung Health in B.C. First Nations—A Community-Based Research Program

February 1, 2017 @ 12:00 pm – 1:00 pm
Hurlburt Auditorium, St. Paul's Hospital
1081 Burrard Street

Dr. Pat Camp, Associate Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, UBC
Dr. Karen Bartlett, Professor, School of Population and Public Health, UBC

Abstract: The B.C. First Nations population carries an increased respiratory health burden compared to the non-First Nations population. They are exposed to high rates of indoor air pollution and cigarette smoke; and although there is a high use of health care services for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), this disease is not “on the radar” in many B.C. First Nations communities. This may be because there is little accurate information of how many people have COPD, especially in remote and rural areas. Our current method of determining the number of people who have COPD in First Nations is based on information from questionnaires, which is known to underestimate the true number threefold. In addition, although it is well-known that cigarette smoking is the main cause of COPD, there has been less attention paid to the contribution of residential, cultural/community, and occupational factors to the burden of COPD in First Nations people.

In this talk, Drs. Bartlett and Camp will present a proposed study to estimate the burden of COPD in remote and rural First Nations communities. This project will build on previous work done by the presenters on the prevalence of lung disease, the impact of air quality on lung health, and research partnerships with Indigenous communities in remote and rural locations. Knowledge obtained from this project will increase the awareness of COPD in remote and rural First Nations communities and will provide the data to support longitudinal studies with additional communities. The results will also enable the development of strategies to improve diagnostic services and chronic disease management services in rural First Nations communities.

Work in Progress (WiP) presentations take place at St. Paul’s Hospital in the Hurlburt Auditorium on alternating Wednesdays from 12:00–1:00 PM. These seminars provide investigators with an opportunity to present ongoing research, obtain feedback from colleagues and peers, and make new connections for their projects. Talks are open, and a light lunch is served.

Health research in the heart of Vancouver