1081 Burrard Street
Annalijn Conklin, PhD, MPH, M.Sc.
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC
Diet is a known modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases, and poor quality diets are linked with risk of type 2 diabetes. A varied diet is advocated as being critical to healthy eating, but people can vary in consumption of different food groups, and also different subtypes within major food groups.
Researchers analyzed self-reported diet data and clinical data on new-onset type 2 diabetes diagnosis in middle-and older-age women and men from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study in England. Total diet diversity and diversity within major food groups has not previously been studied in relation to health outcomes. This large United Kingdom study provides evidence that reported intake of a diet that is diverse in subtypes within the dairy, fruit, and vegetable food groups is independently associated with lower type 2 diabetes risk. People who reported consuming all five food groups had a 30 per cent reduced incidence of type 2 diabetes, but the cost of such a diet was 19 per cent higher than a diet comprising three or fewer food groups. Diversity of food groups and subtypes within dairy, fruits, and vegetables is important for chronic disease prevention. Health promotion efforts need to incorporate financial strategies to support greater dietary diversity.
Work in Progress (WiP) presentations take place at St. Paul’s Hospital in the Hurlburt Auditorium on alternating Wednesdays from 12:00–1:00 PM. These seminars provide investigators with an opportunity to present ongoing research, obtain feedback from colleagues and peers, and make new connections for their projects. Talks are open, and a light lunch is served.